When we think of abstract art, we recall something like “Black Square” by Kazimir Malevich. But this art trend was born many centuries earlier, at the dawn of human civilization. Let’s take a trip back in time and trace its evolution from antiquity to nowadays.
This type of abstractions is often referred to different forms of primeval and ethnic art. Imagine that, our distant ancestors created art pieces that would have been worth millions of dollars today. Curvilinear abstract motifs are strongly associated with the Celts who used a wide range of knots, spirals and interlace patterns. However, curvilinear abstractions aren’t limited to the Celtic culture. They are also exemplified by the spiral engravings discovered at the Neolithic Passage Tomb as well as the “infinite pattern” often appearing in Islamic art.
Pioneered by Turner and Monet paintings, this Abstractionism school proclaimed prevalence of color (or light) over shape. Rather than painting the object in a realistic and logical manner, its followers tried to capture it in a chaotic swirl of colors reflecting their subjective perception. Some of the most prominent color-related abstract art(http://afremov.com/PARIS-FLIGHT-PALETTE-KNIFE-Oil-Painting-On-Canvas-By-Leonid-Afremov-Size-30-x40.html) paintings include “Interior at Petworth” by Turner and “Water Lily” by Monet.
Stemming from Cubism with its rejection of spatial depth and linear perspective, this style departs from naturalistic imagery and uses geometrical shapes to convey abstract notions. If you are interested in Geometric Abstractionism, check out “Black Circle” by Kasimir Malevich and “Broadway Boogie-Woogie” by Piet Mondrian.
This school is essentially a mix of Abstractionism, Naturalism and Surrealism. Intuitional abstractions often evoke nature, but in less representational ways, and have a strong emotional constituent. To get a clearer idea about this type of art, take a look at Mark Rothko and Wassily Kandinsky works.
Stripping art of all external associations and references, this movement proclaims the dominance of form over meaning. A Minimalist abstraction is always nothing more than you see. This type of art is largely represented by Donald Judd, Sol LeWitt and Robert Morris sculptures.
One of the most interesting art movements of nowadays, gestural painting focuses on the process of painting rather that its result. Representatives of this style invent new ways to apply paint using loose rapid strokes and uncommon instruments. The list of best-known names includes Jackson Pollock, Lee Krasner and Willem de Kooning.
Although Leonid Afremov is generally considered to be an Impressionist, his paintings often resemble bright abstractions full of flowing colors and swirling lights in which only a keen eye can discern familiar outlines of a rain-washed street. Using a self-developed palette knife technique, the artist creates amazing canvases that are sold all over the world through his internet gallery. You can buy one too! Just visit the website, make a choice and wait for your painting to arrive!
by Leonid Afremov
References and Bibliography
Leonid Afremov http://afremov.com/